Thursday, October 31, 2013

URSP Highlights: Justin Sellman



The Learning of Biomechanical Coordination During Parallel Bar Swing Training


My project is to use the computer simulation OpenSim and take motion data to calculate muscle excitations for certain movements. The goal is then to refine the model in order to compare and match it to data recorded from an EMG device. Originally I was working on this project over the summer under the SURE program for bioengineers. Over the summer the OpenSim model was used only to calculate Inverse Kinematics and Inverse Dynamics for motion data. Now the goal is to advance the same model in order to calculate more data. Long-term I hope that this experience will open more doors to more research opportunities.

A weekly basis I write and modify various types of code in order to take kinematic data given by a sensorimotor robot and map it in to OpenSim. This includes analyzing large sets of data, and writing XML scripts that are updated via Matlab and fed into OpenSim. Next OpenSim feeds calculated data back into Matlab for analyzing. This past week I learned to take the recorded velocity of an arm movement and the maximum force applied by the robot and calculate the exact force of the robot at the testers hand. This will allow me to better calculate muscle excitations.


Wednesday, October 30, 2013

URSP Highlights: Evelyn Seay



The Prose Poem as Narrative and Lyric Intersection 


I became interested in my prose poetry subject through course my mentor, Eric Pankey, offers by that name. I first heard about it through one of his former MFA students and the idea of poetry in paragraph form was so strange that I knew I had to try it for myself. While beginning the project, I thought that simply defining prose poetry and writing some poems would not be enough. So, I added a thematic element and the goal to create a small chapbook.

The theme came to me through family history. I am distantly related to a famous imagist poet, H.D. (Hilda Doolittle) since her daughter, Perdita, married my great-uncle. I became curious about my connection with these famous women and began asking my grandmother and mother questions about our relatives.

My endeavors were met with conflicting information. For example, my Grandmother remembered that my Great Uncle Johnny and Perdita’s editing business in New York mostly worked with cook books. Through his obituary in the NY Times, I found that he did edit books for James Beard, an extremely famous chef. He also edited for Ray Bradbury, who wrote Fahrenheit 451. Needless to say, my impressions of Uncle Johnny changed pretty quickly. Amazed with how memory changes family history, I knew that this family history and memory element would serve as the joining thread for my prose poetry project.

To make the project successful, I am reading anything I can get my hands on. In addition to poetry and prose poetry, I am researching other related documents, such as photographs and letters, every week. Along with works by H.D. and Perdita Schaffner, I am reading poets who have undertaken projects with similar themes and techniques. I write 2-4 poems every week and work on editing.

At project’s end, I hope to have a chapbook-length manuscript, about 20 pages. In a very competitive pool of Masters of Fine Arts hopefuls, this kind of project will help set me apart from other students, whether or not I get published. On a deeper, more personal level, this is helping my writing tremendously. The process reminds me why I love poetry and gives me intellectual energy every week.

Tuesday, October 29, 2013

URSP Highlights: Ariel Smith




Pathways to Young Adulthood Status Attainment: The Longitudinal Influence of Future Aspirations and Social Capital 



      The transition from adolescence into adulthood sparked my interest due to its prevalence in my own life. As I learn more about the variables effecting a successful transition, I find myself comparing the results to my own upbringing and personality traits. This not only makes the process of gathering research interesting, but also reflective. Although the specific research of adolescent development isn’t necessarily applicable to my future, the knowledge I am gaining of the process of research will certainly be applicable to in any aspect of life.

     In any field of study I choose to pursue, research skills will be valuable. Being able to sort through the mass of information made readily available from the internet is a very necessary skill in our technology-based society today. Even more importantly, being able to apply the information discovered is a highly valuable skill to have in any career I may choose. Each week so far I have been practicing the skill of determining relevant and reliable information. Using The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health’s database and Proquest, I read, list supporting and contrasting clauses, and also find gaps relevant to my research. Pooling this information helps justify and support my research. At the end of the week, I meet with my mentor, Professor Mahatmya and two peers also researching social science topics. We discuss the progress we’ve made and point out additional information needed to actually perform our research.


      This week, I was able to create a visual representation of the variables I’m researching, the paths they take, and the overall topic I hope to conclude about. Specifically, the graph helps show the extent of an adolescent’s family education, expectations, and familial warmth on the internal processes of aspirations, school engagement, and cognitive personality and how it ultimately leads to educational attainment and different personal perceptions of this attainment while transitioning into adulthood. Overall, this research is not only an experience I look forward to participating in, but also it adds to the current knowledge on the subject of adolescent development.


Monday, October 28, 2013

OSCAR's Top 5 Picks of the Week 10/28

OSCAR's Top 5 Picks of the Week 10/28

This Week at Mason:
 

CCT Brown Bag Series: A Well Being University


October 28, 2013
12:00 pm to 1:00 pm
Research Hall, Room 163

Presenter: Nance Lucas, Ph.D.
The Center for Consciousness & Transformation is leading an initiative with the Well-Being University Learning Community—made up of more than 20 faculty members, staff and students—to position Mason to evolve as a well-being university. The Well-Being University initiative is designed to be inclusive, collaborative, engaging, and accessible to all students, faculty, and staff. This brown bag lunch is designed to provide an overview of the scholarship that supports the initiative and the proposed activities.  Brown bag participants are invited to provide feedback and ideas with the goal of influencing the well-being university blueprint.
Brandice Rogers, (703) 993-5049, bvalent2@gmu.edu, Center for Consciousness & Transformation
 
 

Undergraduate Research Scholars Program (URSP) Proposal Writing Workshop

October 29, 2013
6:00 pm to 7:00 pm
Innovation Hall, Room 205

Dr. Rebecca Jones will be hosting the second Undergraduate Research Scholars Program (URSP) proposal writing workshop. Receive tips on writing your URSP proposal before submitting your application for the Fall program.
 The deadline for Fall URSP applications is Wednesday, November 13th at 5:00 p.m. Read more about URSP and previously funded projects here.
(703) 993-3794, oscar@gmu.edu, Office Student Scholarship, Creative Activities & Research


Instead of the Fed: Past and Present Alternatives to the Federal Reserve System


November 1, 2013
 8:00 am to 7:15 pm
Arlington Campus, Founders Hall, Room 125
 
Join the Mercatus Center for this one-day academic conference, which will include presentations of recent research by leading monetary experts from around the world on the different non-central-bank-based alternatives for monetary reforms that might have been adopted in 1914, as well as alternatives that might take the Fed's place in the future. 
For more information and to RSVP, visit the website below.

Lecture: Loving Fatima


October 29, 2013
12:00 pm
Mason Hall, Room D3 A&B
 
"Loving Fatima: Gender, Religious Devotion, and Islamic Sectarianism" Lecture by Matthew Pierce
Matthew Pierce is an Assistant Professor of Religion at Centre College. He is currently working on a book entitled Twelve Infallible Men: Imams and the Making of Shiʿism.
Medieval Shi‘i writers compiled books of praise narratives devoted to the twelve male imams, but these works also include the stories of various women who are lauded for their exceptional qualities.  Foremost among these is Fatima, who is often considered the greatest of women.


Book Launch: Ricardo F. Vivancos Perez


October 31, 2013
1:00 pm to 2:15 pm
Student Union Building I, Room 334

Professor Ricardo F. Vivancos Pérez will read and discuss excerpts from his new book, Radical Chicana Poetics (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013).
"Vivancos Pérez's book, Radical Chicana Poetics (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013), is a superb theoretical analysis of the works of several Mexican American women authors including such luminaries as G.Anzaldúa, C. Moraga, A. Castillo, E. Pérez, A. Gaspar de Alba, and S. Cisneros. Vivancos Pérez brilliantly explores how these writers posit through their splendidly written creative work new subjectivities and sexualities as well as challenge, subvert, and deconstruct older conceptualizations of Chicanas written in the early years of the Chicano Movement. Vivancos Pérez offers new and exciting perspectives on these writers and the reader will be greatly rewarded from the splendid insights articulated in the book." - María Herrera-Sobek, Associate Vice Chancellor for Diversity, Equity and Academic Policy, University of California Santa Barbara, USA
Free

URSP Highlights: Brittany Owen


An Examination of the Sociological Factors that Contribute 
to the Use of Racial and Ethnic Humor in College Students 





     Racial and ethnic humor has always been fascinating to me as it is a microinteraction that can carry so much weight – either as light or disparaging humor. People often claim that humor is in the eye of the beholder, and while this may be true, humor has been shown to reinforce stereotypes and create a norm for prejudice to be released . Humor also has a great deal of potential to harm the butt of the joke. So, when is a joke “just a joke”? 


      On a weekly basis, my schedule varies quite a bit. I am taking both Honors in Sociology and UNIV 495, so my project counts as 6 credits – and has a workload to match. The past few weeks, I have been preparing IRB documents, contacting different schools’ offices, and allotting funding for supplies and stipends – a lot of administrative stuff. Once I have IRB approval, I will start my focus groups, analyze the data, and apply it to a survey questionnaire I’ll be piloting in the winter. 

      I’ve discovered this week how much work goes on behind the scenes of a project. In a published paper, you don’t read about the hours and hours someone spent connecting contacts from different offices, allotting funding, or training co-facilitators. It may sound corny, but I’ve also found that collaborating can be a rich and rewarding experience – other people can be your best sounding board and support system. 

     Next year I will be applying to PhD programs in Sociology and possibly Economics across the country. I am interested in a wide variety of topics across social life, but so far cultural studies, such as humor transactions, have a special place in my heart – and my funny bone.

Sunday, October 27, 2013

URSP Highlights: Lela Ross


Assessing the Conflict Resolution Skills of First and Fifth Graders
 in Fairfax County Public Elementary Schools



      Upon learning about the Students as Scholars program at Mason as a freshman, I knew that I wanted to apply for this excellent opportunity to receive funding for my own research project. I was uncertain about what I wanted to research, but I certainly knew that if I left GMU without at least applying for the grant, I would regret it. By the time I entered my sophomore year, I started brainstorming possible project topics pertaining to my academic interests, such as conflict resolution and foreign policy. Despite all of the ideas that I had, none of them stood out to me as a project that I really wanted to pursue. Finally, one day last spring, I decided that I was going to ask my professor, Al Fuertes, if he would be my faculty mentor for the project. I had not developed a project objective nor had I considered revisiting any of the ideas that I had formulated the previous year. Before I could change my mind, I made the suggestion to Dr. Fuertes, who agreed to serve as my mentor. That was it – I was applying for the OSCAR grant, Dr. Fuertes would be my mentor, and he had requested that I send him an outline of my project as soon as I could. I had some work to do. 

     That evening, I started drafting my research question, project activities, a list of potential participants, and other important components of the project. Despite all of the brainstorming that I had done the year before, I finally created an objective that I found to be valuable and relevant to my interests – assessing the conflict resolution skills of first and fifth grade students. I would hold a workshop for each age group to determine how they respond to conflict through a variety of hypothetical scenarios as well as an assessment of how they perceive conflict before and after participating in my workshop. The results would be used to encourage schools to adopt similar workshops as preliminary conflict resolution training. My long-term goal is to help transform schools into safer institutions for students by exposing them to positive skills as early in life as possible.

     Once I found out last May that I was a recipient of the OSCAR grant, Dr. Fuertes and I have been striving to put my project into action. During the summer, I worked on the major details of the project and had them approved by GMU’s Institutional Review Board. Now, a typical week consists of reaching out to schools to extend an invitation to their students to participate, finalizing the content in the consent forms and letters to the parents, and adding the finishing touches to the activities and questionnaires for each grade level. My workshops are scheduled for October and they have generated a lot of interest from local schools. Although I have not conducted my study yet, every week I discover something new about the subjective nature of research and the process of planning and implementing a project. Since May, I have revised the content for my workshops multiple times, changed the venue of my study, and considered including other age groups in the research. I appreciate every change that has been made to my project whether it was one that I made myself or one that occurred inevitably because they will help me learn more from my research than I could have hoped.

Saturday, October 26, 2013

URSP Highlights: Kelsey Ryan



A Traffic Network Vulnerability and Evacuation Strategy Study Supported by a Dynamic Flooding Model 




     The summer after my freshman year I had an internship in Ballston, Virginia. My commute to work every day took over an hour and included a car ride to the bus stop, a 45 minute bus ride, a 10 minute metro ride, and finally a 10 minute walk. This was my first real exposure to public transportation and I was quickly met with the frustrations of Northern Virginia traffic. Ever since, I have been interested in the transportation networks in the local area.

     My research this semester looks into evacuation planning based on flooding models in the eastern shore region of Maryland. When a disastrous event occurs, such as a hurricane, it is imperative that emergency personnel are able to coordinate optimal evacuation routes so that people can reach safety as quickly as possible. This past week, I spent time learning about Wardrop’s Principle of traffic user equilibrium. In 1956, an economist, Martin Beckmann, developed an equivalent mathematical problem to Wardrop’s Principle. This mathematical problem was translated into an algorithm that is used today in many network models to determine user equilibrium and system optimal evacuation routes for a network. The next step is to modify this algorithm so that it inputs current flooding data, thereby making the model dynamic. Hurricane landfall is a dynamic process, and the impact zone and network integrity evolve as the event develops. Therefore, the evacuation plan and route guidance need to change as the hurricane makes landfall.


      As a civil engineer, we are faced with new challenges every day. The changing global climate has increased the frequency of extreme weather, and these events put added stress on our already deteriorating infrastructure. Roads can be flooded, bridges can be impassable, and the safe evacuation of all people is the number one priority in these events. In my future career, I will be faced with these sorts of challenges on a daily basis, and research will pave the way for new solutions to these problems.